Embassy of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia in the Russian Federation
Посольство Федеративной Демократической Республики Эфиопия в Российской Федерации

Historical Ethiopia


Historic Sites of Ethiopia

Axum - Ethiopia's oldest city. This city in the past was the center of the ancient Ethiopian civilization, the great Axumite Empire that flourished 3,000 years ago. And now Axum is known as a center for the study of ancient language and geezskogo litratury and is a major historical monument of Northern Ethiopia.

On demonstrate the wealth of the empire sohranivshisya magnificent monolithic stone stelae or obelisks, the tombs of Kings Kaleb and Gebre Meskel, the legendary Queen of Sheba bath. These monuments and ruins of palaces, palaces of Sheba, and more attracts the attention of all who visit this city. The three most important stelae are made ​​so that provide a high-rise buildings with doors and windows. St. Mary's Cathedral Zionsky was built in the XVI century, probably on the site of an earlier period of the church, dating back to IV century. He is considered the most sacred church in Ethiopia. The altar is a wooden box with a scripture in the original. Many icons adorn the churches and monasteries of Axum are preserved, even some of the historical crowns of ancient emperors.


Debre Damo. Only 76 kilometers separate the Axum Debre Damo monastery on. It is closed to women. It is preserved as the oldest church of Ethiopia. As the local traditional belief Aregavi Abun, one of the nine Saints, built the church in the XVI century. Debre Damo Monastery in can be reached only by ladder.


Yeha. About 55 miles east of Axum is the Temple of Yeha. It belongs to the V century BC Its massive walls protect the Jewish relics and art objects of historical significance, with the seat in the temple.


Lalibela. According to many travelers and writers who have visited there, Lalibela are the eighth wonder of the world. The main attractive place for tourists are odinnatsat amazing, carved into the rocks, monolithic churches that were built by King Lalibela in the late XII-early XIII century. This ensemble - one of the world's masterpieces, made ​​by human hands, eternal monument to man's faith in God. These churches are scattered around the city or located in its vicinity. These include the following: Church Medhani Alem - World Savior, Mariam Church - the Virgin Mary Church Danaglya - at the convent, the Church of Debre Sinai - St. Martyr Sinai, Calvary Church, Church of St Emmanuel Church - St. Mercurius, the church of Abba Libanos, Church Rufaelya Gabriel - Gabriel the Archangel, St. George's Church and the Church Sellassiya - Chapel of the Holy Trinity.

They performed various religious rites. Some of them are located near Lalibela, can be reached in 45 minutes in a cart that holds 16 people, or riding on a mule for 3 hours.


Mekele. Although Lalibela and unique, but it is not only the location of churches, carved from the rocky cliffs. In Tigray near Mekelle can see and visit over 200 fine examples of such monuments in praise of human devotion to God and his creative ability to create.

Mekele was once the capital during the reign of Yuhannese - IV (1871-1889), and nowadays it is - the main city of the Tigris, the most northern state of Ethiopia. Emperor's Palace became a museum with many artifacts of that time and subsequent historical periods. The city is known as a transshipment point camel caravan route delivering salt from dryland Danakl Despres. This has contributed to the fact that the plaza has become an interesting place to visit. Brave guests can also make excursions to the Danakl to visit the Afar nomads of parking, which intersect in their vans in the area.


Gonder, many of which are spoken of as a legend of Africa, are so impressive that bewitches its visitors framing of the many medieval palaces, resembling castles. In the XVII century, Gonder was the capital of Ethiopia. Castles built in the period from 1632 to 1855 by various emperors in different periods of their reign, the imperial city gives solidity. The magnificent castles of the city testify to the high level architecture, imbibed the Axumite tradition and Arabian influences. The sights of Gonder include the palace of Ras Beit XVIII century, and baths Fasiledisa and Kuskama Palace and the Church of Debre Berhane Sellassie with its unique murals.


Harer - the ancient and holy city, famous for its ancient walls. It was founded in 1520. For many centuries was the main center of commerce and the Muslim religion. Its unique residential buildings, bright clothes and sturdy old residents of the city walls has always fascinated travelers. It rises 99 mosques. The city is famous for handicraft items made ​​by hand. Harer for many years been a place of pilgrimage all over the world.

The main attractions of Harer include the city walls, narrow streets, lined the front of building traditional houses Harer, typical for this city. Rimbach House - a beautiful building harerskogo traditional type, referring to the period when he lived in Harer French poet Rimbach, men, beckoning to the city of hyenas. As the evening local men tout wild hyenas to the city, setting up some kind of bizarre spectacle, for which they bravely feed these dangerous predators refuse.


Bahir Dar - a small town on the southeastern shore of Lake Tana, where local fishermen still use papyrus boats from. Only 30 miles separate the city from the majestic waterfall Tisisat. Here the Blue Nile deals with witchcraft, creating their own "Dymyaschieysya Water" spectacle overawe, when the river flows into the gorge.

Necessary to investigate the ancient monasteries that go beyond the Bahir Dar, which were built on the shores of Lake Tana and its islands. These include monasteries and monastery December Stefanos, with its priceless collection of icons. In this monastery there are remains of several emperors of the medieval period, for example, Kebrana Gabriel and Ura Kidane Mehreta. It saved the famous frescoes. The local market Bahar Dar is known for its weaving and wood products.


Archaeological attractions of Ethiopia


Ethiopia - the cradle of mankind. This is confirmed by the Archaeological excavations in the Awash Valley Haddare in the east of the country who have discovered the oldest human remains: the remains of "Lucy", which date back to the period 3.5 million years ago, and the recent discovery - the remains of Ramidsa that 4.4 million years . These findings make up the missing link between apes and man.

Archaeological excavations in the small contours are also important - found ancient stone tools used by 1.5 million years ago. In various parts of the country, namely Dill, southern Ethiopia and Dire Dawa, eastern Ethiopia, found painted on cave walls and stone monuments.

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