Embassy of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia in the Russian Federation
Посольство Федеративной Демократической Республики Эфиопия в Российской Федерации

Ethiopian culture

Cultural characteristics of Ethiopia


There are more than 80 different nationalities. Each of them has its own culture, which plays an important role in the life of the country as a whole. Their tradition goes back to the days of Axumite empire. In the daily life of the people belong to the exceptional role of religious holidays, rituals and traditions. The most famous festivals include the following:

  • Enkutatash

- Ethiopian New Year;

  • Meskel

- Exaltation;

  • Gene

- Ethiopian Christmas;

  • Timket

- Ethiopian baptism;

  • Fasika

- Ethiopian Easter;

  • Kulubi Gabriel

- Day Kulubiyskogo Sv.Gabrielya;

  • Miriam Gishen

- Day Gishenskoy St. Mary;

  • Sof Omar

- Day of Sophia Omar;

  • Axum Tsion

- Day Tsionskoy St. Mary's;

  • Eid Al Adha

- Muslim holiday;

  • Eid Al Fetir

- Muslim holiday;

  • Maulid

- Muslim holiday;


Ceremonies and rituals of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church, which opens a window into the real world of the Old Testament, is also very attracted to. Timket - feast of the Epiphany, and peyote - the acquisition of the Cross are the greatest holidays of the year, which are colorfully marked crowded spectacular processions.

Ethiopia has so far retained the Julian calendar, on which the year consists of 12 months (each month, 30 days) and five, and six in a leap year days, members of the 13th month. According to the Julian calendar kalanderiyu behind the Gregorian, used in the west, nearly eight years.


Food and Drink


Food and beverages reflect the diversity of Ethiopian cultures of the peoples who inhabit this country. The most typical dish is Wat, spicy stew with vegetables, seasoned with a mixture of Berbers (pepper). Often this dish is prepared with chicken, along with giving inzhera - porous thin cakes, resembling the appearance of large pancakes. For preparation of yeast used inzhera batter of flour fine grain teff culture, which is found only in Ethiopia.

Many restaurants and local cafes to guests delicious, typical in composition to the area. In the city of Addis Ababa and other major cities offers a wide selection of restaurants with different cuisines. In the major hotels have international restaurants, and in the many restaurants, guests can partake of Chinese, Indian, Italian, French, Greek dishes and other dishes including the countries of the Middle East.

Ethiopia produces its own wine. Dukam and Guder - fine red wines, Axum - a sweet wine. Kristals refers to the dry white wines. A famous honey wine, or, as the Ethiopians called tej can be found anywhere in Ethiopia, also the body - the local beer, and katikala - such as vodka liqueur.


Handicrafts of Ethiopia


Traditional crafts - one of the treasures of Ethiopia. Handicrafts made from local materials, are a kind of applied art objects that have practical application and valued from an aesthetic point of view. Visit the store to buy pretty exciting to do. Here and noisy shopping centers where you can apply the art of bargaining skill, and small shops, which at a reasonable price you can buy a product, a little potorguyas.

In the shopping centers of different cities and plazas along the road selling local crafts filigree work. Debre Berhan supplies carpets, and Jimmy is known for its trehnozhnymi chairs. Povsedu you can find items of historical significance.

In all areas of modern art, is based on traditional methods, are contemporary crafts that can be used as a wonderful gift. Wonderful souvenirs from Ethiopia are faience, wood carvings and jewelry. Among the treasures of Ethiopia and is furnished with hand-carving decorations, wall suspension products with remarkable embroidery and dolls in different national costumes.

Our modern designers have created many examples of fashion, leading to the delight of people. Ladies should visit the small shops in Addis Ababa. Of course, both women and men will enjoy the leather goods that are so slvitsya Ethiopia.


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More infomation

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Ethiopian Government Portal